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Prevalence of nutritional stunting in children under 5 years of age

Prevalence of nutritional stunting

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Height-for-age is a measure of nutritional stunting and is the best known indicator of the adverse outcomes associated with zinc deficiency in populations.

Data on stunting were derived from the most recent DHS and WHO surveys WHO and are based on the WHO Growth Reference Standards [2]. To find countries, use the alphabetical categories above.

As a preliminary step in estimating the global prevalence of zinc deficiency, the risk of zinc deficiency can be estimated for each country based on existing values for the national prevalence of stunting in pre-school children. A prevalence of stunting > 20% of the population is considered elevated and a public health concern.

       
         
Country  
Stunting rate (%)
Survey year
Referencea
Afghanistan  
59.3
2004
WHO
Albania  
27
2005
WHO
Algeria  
23.3
2002
WHO
Angola  
50.8
2001
WHO
Argentina  
8.2
2005
WHO
Armenia  
18.2
2005
WHO
Azerbaijan  
26.8
2006
WHO
Bahrain  
13.6
1995
WHO
Bangladesh  
43.2
2007
WHO
 
Barbados  
10.2
1981
WHO
Belarus  
4.5
2005
WHO
Belize  
22.2
2006
WHO
Benin  
44.7
2006
WHO
Bhutan  
47.7
1999
WHO
Bolivia  
27.2
2008
WHO
Bosnia and Herzegovina
11.8
2006
WHO
 
Botswana  
29.1
2000
WHO
Brazil  
7.1
2007
WHO
Bulgaria  
8.8
2004
WHO
 
Burkina Faso  
44.5
2006
WHO
 
Burundi  
64.1
2000
WHO
  Back to top
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
Country  
Stunting rate (%)
Survey year
Referencea
Cambodia  
39.5
2008
WHO
Cameroon  
36.4
2006
WHO
Cape Verde  
21.4
1994
WHO
 
Central African Republic
44.6
2000
WHO
 
Chad  
44.8
2004
WHO
Chile  
2
2008
WHO
China  
11.7
2005
WHO
Colombia  
16.2
2005
WHO
Comoros  
46.9
2000
WHO
Congo  
31.2
2005
WHO
Costa Rica  
9
1996
WHO
 
Côte d'Ivoire  
40.1
2006
WHO
 
Croatia  
0.8
1996
NCHS
Cuba  
3.7
2005
WHO
Czech Republic  
2.6
2002
WHO
  Back to top
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
Country  
Stunting rate (%)
Survey year
Referencea
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
44.7
2002
WHO
Democratic Republic of the Congo
45.8
2007
WHO
 
Djibouti  
26.5
2002
WHO
Dominican  Republic  
10.1
2007
WHO
 
Ecuador  
29
2004
WHO
Egypt  
30.7
2008
WHO

El Salvador

Equatorial Guinia

 
24.6
 
35.0
2003
 
2004
WHO
 
WHO
 
Eritrea  
43.7
2002
WHO
Ethiopia  
50.7
2005
WHO
Fiji    
2.7
1993
WHO
 
Gabon  
26.3
2001
WHO
Gambia  
27.6
2006
WHO
Georgia  
14.7
2005
WHO
Germany  
1.3
2006
WHO
Ghana  
28.6
2008
WHO
Guatemala  
54.3
2002
WHO
 
Guinea  
40
2008
WHO
Guinea-Bissau  
47.7
2007
WHO
 
Guyana  
18.2
2007
WHO
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Country  
Stunting rate (%)
Survey year
Referencea
Haiti  
29.7
2006
WHO
Honduras  
29.9
2006
WHO
Hungary  
3.3
1988
WHO
India  
47.9
2006
WHO
Indonesia  
40.1
2007
WHO 
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
15.4
1998
NHCS
 
Iraq  
27.5
2006
WHO
Italy  
4.3
1977
NHCS
Jamaica  
3.7
2007
WHO
Japan  
8.3
1981
NHCS
Jordan  
8.3
2009
WHO
Kazakhstan  
17.5
2006
WHO
 
Kenya  
35.2
2009
WHO
Kiribati  
28.3
1985
NHCS
Kuwait  
3.8
2009
 WHO
Kyrgyzstan  
18.1
2006
 WHO
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Country  
Stunting rate (%)
Survey year
Referencea
Lao People's Democratic Republic
47.6
2006
WHO
 
Lebanon  
16.5
2004
WHO 
Lesotho  
45.2
2004
 WHO
Liberia  
39.4
2007
 WHO
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
21
2007
 WHO
 
Madagascar  
49.2
2009
 WHO
 
Malawi  
53.2
2006
 WHO
Malaysia  
15.6
1999
NHCS
Maldives  
31.9
2001
 WHO
Mali  
38.5
2006
 WHO
Mauritania  
24.2
2008
 WHO
 
Mauritius  
9.7
1995
NHCS
Mexico  
15.5
2006
WHO
Mongolia  
27.5
2005
WHO
Montenegro  
7.9
2006
WHO
Morocco  
23.1
2004
WHO
Mozambique  
47.5
2003
WHO
 
Myanmar  
40.6
2003
WHO
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Country  
Stunting rate (%)
Survey year
Referencea
Namibia  
29.6
2007
WHO
Nepal  
49.3
2006
WHO
Netherlands  
1.8
1980
WHO
 
Nicaragua  
18.8
2005
WHO
Niger  
54.8
2006
WHO
Nigeria  
41.0
2008
WHO
Oman    
12.9
1999
WHO
 
Pakistan  
41.5
2001
WHO
Panama  
21.5
1997
WHO
Papua New Guinea  
43.9
2005
WHO
 
Paraguay  
18.3
1990
WHO
Peru  
28.2
2008
WHO
Philippines  
33.8
2003
WHO
 
Qatar  
8.1
1995
NHCS

Republic of Moldova

Romania

 
11.3
 
 
12.8
2005
 
 
2002
WHO
 
 
WHO
Rwanda  
51.7
2005
WHO
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Country  
Stunting rate (%)
Survey year
Referencea
Saint Lucia  
10.8
1976
NHCS
 
Samoa  
4.2
1999
NHCS
Sao Tome and Principe
29.3
2009
WHO
 
Saudi Arabia  
9.3
2005
WHO
 
Senegal  
20.1
2005
WHO
Serbia  
8.1
2006
WHO
Seychelles  
5.1
1988
WHO
 
Sierra Leone  
37.4
2008
WHO
 
Singapore  
4.4
2000
WHO
Solomon Islands  
32.8
2007
WHO
 
Somalia  
42.1
2006
WHO
South Africa  
24.9
1999
NCHS
 
Sri Lanka  
19.2
2009
 WHO
Sudan  
37.9
2006
WHO 
Suriname  
10.7
2006
 WHO
Swaziland  
29.5
2007
 WHO
Syrian Arab Republic  
28.6
2006
 WHO
  Back to top
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
Country  
Stunting rate (%)
Survey year
Referencea
Tajikistan  
33.1
2005
WHO 
Thailand  
15.7
2006
WHO 
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
11.5
2005
 WHO
Timor-Leste  
55.7
2002
 WHO
 
Togo  
27.8
2006
 WHO
Tonga  
1.3
1986
NHCS
Trinidad and Tobago  
5.3
2000
WHO
 
Tunisia  
9.0
2006
 WHO
Turkey  
15.6
2004
WHO 
Turkmenistan  
22.3
2000
NHCS
 
Uganda  
38.7
2006
 WHO
Ukraine  
22.9
2000
 WHO
United Republic of Tanzania
44.4
2005
 WHO
 
United States of America
3.9
2004
 WHO
 
Uruguay  
13.9
2004
 WHO
Uzbekistan  
19.6
2006
 WHO
 
Vanuatu  
25.9
2007
 WHO
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
15.6
2007
 WHO
 
Vietnam

 

43.4
2000
 WHO

West Bank +Gaza Strip

Yemen

 
11.8
 
 
57.7
2007
 
 
2003
WHO
 
 
WHO 
Zambia  
45.8
2007
 WHO
Zimbabwe    
35.8
2006
 WHO
  Back to top

 

Footnotes:
a Data analyzed according to the WHO Growth Standard [2] or the NCHS growth reference [3]
b Angola is limited to secured territories (respresents ∼65% of population)

 

References

1.
WHO Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. http://www.who.int/gdgm/p-child_pdf/ Accessed 10-Dec-2010.
2.
WHO Child Growth Standards. http://www.who.int/childgrowth/en/index.html
3.
National Centre for Health Statistics (NCHS)/WHO growth reference, 1977

Last updated December 2010

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